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Wireless Indoor localization using fingerprinting and Trilateration


Safae El Abkari, Abdelilah Jilbab and Jamal El Mhamdi,


Vol. 20  No. 5  pp. 124-131


Indoor positioning has gained more interest as one of the upcoming applications due to its use in a variety of services. Multiple technologies such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, RFID. However, Wi-Fi based localization in indoor environment offers significant advantages utilizing installed wireless infrastructures and good performances with low cost. With this study, we aim to provide a compromise between accurate positioning and feasibility of the system for practical applications. For this purpose, we minimize the fluctuations of Wi-Fi received signal strength (RSS) by filtering and we combine two approaches to locate a mobile user. At first, we implemeted the traditional fingerprinting technique that uses a real time matching of pre-recorded received signal strength (RSS) from the location data of the user transmitted to nearby access points (AP). Secondly, we used distance-based trilateration technique which determines positions using three known access points. The combination of the two methods provides enhancement of accuracy and wide indoor locating coverage. Regardless the locating data number, experiment confirmed a significant and a consistent performance in term of execution time and accuracy.


Indoor positioning, Wireless, Wi-Fi, Fingerprinting, Trilateration, RSS.