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The Perspective of Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communication towards 5G


Mohammad T. Kawser, Md. Saymon Fahad, Sakib Ahmed, S. Safwan Sajjad, and Hasib A. Rafi


Vol. 19  No. 4  pp. 146-155


At this modern age, wireless communication is affecting every aspect of life and its current advancement is incorporating the vehicular operations. The flourishing wireless communication, especially the cellular services, with its onward growth towards 5G, envision radical changes in the transport system. Safety and congestion, two of the major issues in transport, can be the best examples, to which the vehicular communication has started to contribute. Thus, vehicular congestion and accidents, which are still regular events of our daily life, will be addressed greatly before long. The general form of vehicular communication, referred to as vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication, allows communication between vehicle and another vehicle, vehicle and pedestrian, vehicle and roadside infrastructure, and so forth. Despite the stupendous potentiality, many different aspects of V2X communication is hitherto unclear among some researchers and professionals. This is partly due to the fact that the standards of V2X communication have been developing very fast. A clear understanding of various aspects of V2X communication should be made available immediately in order to help smooth progress of this technology towards 5G as well as early deployment. This paper aims to clearly depict the most important aspects of V2X communication, namely, modes of operation, network architecture, spectrum used, specifications, applications, system requirements, security, and privacy. It also derives a detailed comparison among competitive standards for V2X communication, namely, Cellular-V2X (C-V2X), Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS), Advanced ITS, and Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB) development.


V2X communication, Device-to-Device (D2D) communication, Cellular-V2X (C-V2X), Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS).