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A Comparative Study of Feature Selection Methods for Dialectal Arabic Sentiment Classification Using Support Vector Machine


Omar Al-Harbi


Vol. 19  No. 1  pp. 167-176


Unlike other languages, the Arabic language has a morphological complexity which makes the Arabic sentiment analysis is a challenging task. Moreover, the presence of the dialects in the Arabic texts have made the sentiment analysis task is more challenging, due to the absence of specific rules that govern the writing or speaking system. Generally, one of the problems of sentiment analysis is the high dimensionality of the feature vector. To resolve this problem, many feature selection methods have been proposed. In contrast to the dialectal Arabic language, these selection methods have been investigated widely for the English language. This work investigated the effect of feature selection methods and their combinations on dialectal Arabic sentiment classification. The feature selection methods are Information Gain (IG), Correlation, Support Vector Machine (SVM), Gini Index (GI), and Chi-Square. A number of experiments were carried out on dialectical Jordanian reviews with using an SVM classifier. Furthermore, the effect of different term weighting schemes, stemmers, stop words removal, and feature models on the performance were investigated. The experimental results showed that the best performance of the SVM classifier was obtained after the SVM and correlation feature selection methods had been combined with the uni-gram model.


Arabic sentiment analysis Dialectal sentiment analysis Opinion mining Feature selection methods Dimensionality.