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SRoWM: Smart Review on Wormhole Mitigation


David Samuel Bhatti, Shehla Saeed, Muhammad Asad Ullah, Naila Samar Naaz, Syed Saqib Raza Rizvi, Syed Taha Ali


Vol. 17  No. 12  pp. 178-187


Wireless ad hoc networks getting rapid popularity and new domain like IOTs, IOVs, mobile cloud computing are asking for new security protocols for different layers of network stack. Network layer is one of the most important layers provided with routing function. Among various different attacks on routing, wormhole is the most treacherous one, which is possible without getting access of cryptographic information. The aim of this smart review is to explore wormhole mitigation techniques along with their strengths and limitations. This review will help the reader to design and develop new secure routing protocols for the new paradigms of wireless ad hoc networks


wormhole, RTT, RF, guard nodes, hop-count, MANETs, AODV, DSR, SEAD