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The Introduction of Indigenous Architectural Form of Sanandajʼs Houses (Case study: Ahmad Zadehʼs House)


Himan kaykhosravi, Amirhossein farshchian


Vol. 17  No. 11  pp. 207-214


The main feature of each region and country is its indigenous architecture, and, in Iran, distinctive climatic zones, varied climatic conditions, and different ethnic cultures have brought about diversity in architecture. One of the symbols of sustainable architecture is traditional Iranian architecture in which built according the lowest negative impact on the environment. The indigenous architecture of any area is driven from factors that have human, natural and ecological aspects, which effectively influence on history and civilization, culture and identity, climate, religious, belief and political issues in the field of the indigenous architecture of any city and region. Sanandaj has magnificent and beautiful monuments and most of it is related to the Qajar period, which is comparable in terms of design and style with the style of Isfahan style, and its architecture relates to the position of cold climate regions. With regard to the indigenous architecture that is the subject of the indigenous form of Sanandaj region, this research is a special kind of architectural occurring that has specialized in this issue, which has not architecturally been addressed until now. The research has been conducted based on the qualitative approach and the reviews of case studies, as well as a bibliographic studies, and various reporting tasks. At the end of this writing, researchers have concluded that the indigenous form of region, which has a small urban spaces and enclosed, dense urban texture and the buildings joined together, the direction of the Sun, and earth accidents are the determinant factors in the building settlement, the main thoroughfares and alleys, built parallel to the ground level line with low width, and has influences, such as the expansion of the overall profile of the city, as well as the lack of penetration of cold in the building, and also affects their life style. Also based on the obtained results, the components of the current architectural indigenous form of the region can influence on sustainable architecture and optimal energy saving.


Indigenous architecture the House sustainable architecture Sanandaj.