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Investigating the effect of Black Hole attack on Zone Based Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Mobile Sensor Networks


Bikram Ballav, Binod k Pattanayak


Vol. 15  No. 7  pp. 33-38


Mobile Sensor Network(MSN) is a collection of mobilizer attached sensor nodes which can move randomly or task specifically. Routing is a basic step for data exchange in MSN. The routing protocols designed for ad hoc networks are suitable to MSN because they support mobility but due to resource constraint nature of MSN these protocols are not used directly. Hence we need new protocols. Zone based Energy Efficient Routing Protocol (ZEEP) is one of the new protocol in this direction which is the modified form of famous Ad Hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol (AODV). The broadcasting nature of the sensors presents a number of security threats to this kind of network. Black Hole Attack is one such deadly attack, which grasps all data packets of the network. Since data packets do not reach the destination, data will loss. Which badly affects the performance of the whole network. In this paper, we investigate this issue and proposed a new protocol known as Black Hole affected ZEEP or BZEEP. We compare the performance of Black Hole affected AODV or BAODV and BZEEP by using multiple graphs and our results show that the effect of Black Hole Attack is less in case of BZEEP. For simulation purpose Network Simulator version 2.35 has been used.To support our views we used two quality of service parameters like Packet Delivery Ratio and Throughput. And analyzed them using graphs about how they have improved with BZEEP.


Mobile sensor network, Energy efficient routing, BAODV, BZEEP